Australia's History Summary


Australia is a very stable country. It is the world's largest island and is sixth largest country in land mass. Approximately 7,000 beaches cover Australia's island. Australia's current population is 21,457,000 in 2010. It's capital is Canberra, Australia.

It is a very diverse region and has a strong economy. Australia's gross weekly income is $1050 for full time work and has 4.3% of unemployment. Around 793 million liters of wine per year are exported out of Australia and brings in $2.8 billion because of that.

It has many cultures that thrive in this wonderful place. Australia's form of government reflect that of Great Britain and North America, but has it's own unique government. It has a written constitution similar to the United States', but is a bit different.

Australia has been around for many, many years and has been inhabited by humans for many of those years, at least 60,000 years. It's first inhabitants were called Aborigines. These were some of the first people there and were natural islanders. They came here from the Torres Strait Islands and far-southeast Asia. Aborigines stayed around for years to come, and now make up about 2% of Australia's population.

Later in the eighteenth century, Great Britain had overpopulated prisons. So, James Cook, a legendary British explorer, came to Australia and claimed the east coastline for Great Britain and called it New South Wales. Eighteen years after that, Great Britain came back to their land on January 26, 1788. That day became known as Australia Day and is celebrated all over the island.

Australia has a very clean environment and is an attractive country which brings people from all over the world to take in it's natural beauty. It's beautiful flora and fauna are loved by everyone and make up many of the worlds different species; 10% of the world's biodiversity. Some of Australia's unique animals are the koala, kangaroo,wallaby, brush-tail possum, venomous snakes, spiders, and sharks, plus short-beaked echidna, wombat, and Tasmanian Devil. Australia also has more than 700 species of native grasses. Also, the Great Coral Reef brings many visitors to awe at it's gorgeous waters below. You could for sure say that Australia has a high tourist rate; one of their records: 5.7 million in 2007. They get about $8.1 billion annually from tourists.